Knoche, Ruth; Dingwell, Donald B.; Seifert, Friedrich; Webb, Sharon L.
Non-linear properties of supercooled liquids in the system Na2O---SiO2.
In: Chemical Geology, Vol. 116, Nr. 1-2: S. 1-16
The physical properties, viscosity, density, heat capacity and thermal expansivity, of relaxed supercooled liquids in the temperature range just above the glass transition have been determined for ten compositions along the compositional binary Na2O---SiO2, in the range of 2–45 mole% Na2O, by a combination of scanning calorimetry, dilatometry and micropenetration viscometry. The viscosity, density, heat capacity and thermal expansivity in the glassy state have also been determined.
The heat capacities illustrate a linear composition dependence for the glassy state and a smooth but strongly non-linear composition dependence for the supercooled liquid state. The thermal expansivities were determined by dilatometry up to the glass transition and, by a normalized comparison of relaxation behavior in the glass transition interval, to temperatures 50°C above the glass transition. The expansivity is a linear function of the molar composition in the glass but a strongly non-linear function of molar composition in the supercooled liquid.
The viscosity data just above the glass transition temperature, combined with data from high temperature using the concentric cylinder method, illustrate that the composition dependence of viscosity is strongly non-linear and exhibits an inflection as a function of composition. The glass transition temperature, taken as the peak temperature of the calorimetric measurements, is not in general an isokom in this system.
The data for these property determinations in the Na2O---SiO2 system provide much improved constraints on the partial molar properties of SiO2 liquid and partial molar properties of the SiO2 component in silicate melts. The complex behavior of the transport properties, i.e. the glass transition temperature and the viscosity, point to complexities in viscous flow beyond that of simple binary mixing of the Na2O and SiO2 components.