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Lingner, Andrea ORCID: 0000-0002-3570-7386; Kugler, Kathrin; Grothe, Benedikt ORCID: 0000-0001-7317-0615; Wiegrebe, Lutz ORCID: 0000-0002-9289-6187 (2013): Amplitude-modulation detection by gerbils in reverberant sound fields. In: Hearing Research, Vol. 302: pp. 107-112
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Abstract

Reverberation can dramatically reduce the depth of amplitude modulations which are critical for speech intelligibility. Psychophysical experiments indicate that humans' sensitivity to amplitude modulation in reverberation is better than predicted from the acoustic modulation depth at the receiver position. Electrophysiological studies on reverberation in rabbits highlight the contribution of neurons sensitive to interaural correlation. Here, we use a prepulse-inhibition paradigm to quantify the gerbils' amplitude modulation threshold in both anechoic and reverberant virtual environments. Data show that prepulse inhibition provides a reliable method for determining the gerbils' AM sensitivity. However, we find no evidence for perceptual restoration of amplitude modulation in reverberation. Instead, the deterioration of AM sensitivity in reverberant conditions can be quantitatively explained by the reduced modulation depth at the receiver position. We suggest that the lack of perceptual restoration is related to physical properties of the gerbil's ear input signals and inner-ear processing as opposed to shortcomings of their binaural neural processing. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.