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Boyan, George; Posser, S.; Ludwig, P.; Güntner, M.; Williams, L. (2004): Ontogeny of identified cells from the median domain in the embryonic brain of the grasshopper Schistocerca gregaria. In: Arthropod Structure & Development, Vol. 33, No. 2: pp. 125-137
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In this paper, we propose an ontogeny for previously identified cells from the median domain in the midline of the embryonic brain of the Grasshopper Schistocerca gregaria. The so-called lateral cells (LCs) are characteristically located laterally within the median domain at its border with the protocerebral hemispheres. The LC occurs singly and can be identified in the early embryo on the basis of their expression of the cell surface hpocalin Lazarillo. Using immunocytochemical, dye injection, electron microscopical and histological methods, we show that these LC are neurons and derive as postmitotic cells directly from the epithelium of the median domain. Further, they and the other identified cells of the median domain such as the protocerebral commissure pioneers (PCP), co-express the Mes-3 antigen, consistent with a derivation front the mesectodermal germ layer of the embryo. Subsequent to axogenesis, electron microscopy reveals that these Mes-3-expressing LC fasciculate with the co-expressing PCPs within the developing protocerebral commissure. We present a model for the origin of all these cells based on histological data and bromodeoxyuridine incorporation. The model suggests a delamination of cells from the mesectoderm followed by a migration to their ultimate sites within the median domain. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.