Logo Logo
Help
Contact
Switch Language to German
Heyse, Thomas J.; El-Zayat, Bilal F.; Corte, Ronny de; Chevalier, Yan; Fuchs-Winkelmann, Susanne; Labey, Luc (2018): Internal femoral component malrotation in TKA significantly alters tibiofemoral kinematics. In: Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy, Vol. 26, No. 6: pp. 1767-1775
Full text not available from 'Open Access LMU'.

Abstract

Femoral component malrotation in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is clinically proven to cause dissatisfaction and impaired function. This study is an attempt to characterize the tibiofemoral kinematics following femoral malrotation in posterior stabilized (PS) TKA. It was hypothesized that internal malrotation would introduce the most pronounced changes. Six fresh-frozen cadaver specimens were mounted in a kinematic rig. Three motion patterns were applied with the native knee and following PS TKA (passive motion, open chain extension, and squatting) while infrared cameras recorded the trajectories of markers attached to femur and tibia. Three different femoral implants were tested: a conventional posterior stabilized component, and adapted components of the same implant with 5A degrees of intrinsic external and internal rotation, respectively. The implantation of the PS TKA resulted in less tibial internal rotation (squat 33-70A degrees, p < 0.05) and the medial femoral condyle shifted posteriorly especially in deep flexion (squat 84-111A degrees, p < 0.05). Internal component malrotation caused internal rotation and abduction of the tibia in flexion (squat 33-111A degrees, p < 0.05), an elevated (squat 43-111A degrees, p < 0.05) and more anterior (passive 61-126A degrees, p < 0.05) located medial femoral condyle and a lateral femoral condyle located more posterior and inferior (squat 73-111A degrees, p < 0.05) than in the neutrally aligned TKA. External component malrotation caused only little changes under passive motion. Under a squat there was less internal rotation and more adduction to the tibia (33-111A degrees, p < 0.05). The medial femoral condyle was moved more posterior (squat 59-97A degrees, p < 0.05), the lateral femoral condyle more superior (squat 54-105A degrees, p < 0.05) than in the neutrally aligned TKA. The greatest differences to the native tibiofemoral kinematics were introduced by internal rotation of the femoral component. Also neutrally and externally rotated femoral components introduce kinematic changes, but to a lesser extent. With respect to the alterations introduced to kinematics internal malrotation should be avoided when performing PS TKA.