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Ehrl, Denis; Heidekrüger, Paul I.; Rubenbauger, Johannes; Ninkovic, Milomir; Broer, P. Niclas (2018): Impact of Prehospital Hypothermia on the Outcomes of Severely Burned Patients. In: Journal of Burn Care & Research, Vol. 39, No. 5: pp. 739-743
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When treating burn injuries, to date, there still remains significant disagreement whether presence of hypothermia (HT) on burn centers' intensive care unit (BICU) admission improves or worsens outcomes. The presented single burn center experiences set out to further evaluate the incidence, cause, and potential effects of HT on outcomes in severely burned patients. Between January 2015 and February 2017, 142 severely burned patients were admitted to a BICU. Temperature at BICU admission of < 36.0 degrees C was defined as HT and >= 36.0 degrees C as normothermia (NT). The cases were divided into two groups: HT vs NT. Fifty-four patients met inclusion criteria and were analyzed retrospectively regarding encountered complications, time of hospitalization, and overall survival. The overall incidence of HT on arrival was 62.9%. Mean duration from burn accident to BICU admission did not differ significantly, but the groups showed significant differences regarding total body surface area (TBSA;P < .05). Both groups showed a similar distribution, regarding number of surgeries, duration until first burn excision, length of ventilation, and mortality rate of patients (P > .05). However, time until death was significantly shorter in the HT group. HT at admission remains a common problem following burn injury. Main risk factors include inappropriate temperature management after injury and during transport, extent of TBSA burn, and quantity of resuscitation. Given the high incidence, the involved health care and, especially, also prehospital providers should be further educated about existing recommendations and guidelines to prevent HT.