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Weimershaus, Mirjana; Mauvais, Francois-Xavier; Saveanu, Loredana; Adiko, Cezaire; Babdor, Joel; Abramova, Anastasia; Montealegre, Sebastian; Lawand, Myriam; Evnouchidou, Irini; Huber, Katharina Julia; Chadt, Alexandra; Zwick, Markus; Vargas, Pablo; Dussiot, Michael; Lennon-Dumenil, Ana Maria; Brocker, Thomas; Al-Hasani, Hadi; Endert, Peter van (2018): Innate Immune Signals Induce Anterograde Endosome Transport Promoting MHC Class I Cross-Presentation. In: Cell Reports, Vol. 24, No. 13: pp. 3568-3581
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Abstract

Both cross-presentation of antigens by dendritic cells, a key pathway triggering T cell immunity and immune tolerance, and survival of several pathogens residing in intracellular vacuoles are intimately linked to delayed maturation of vesicles containing internalized antigens and microbes. However, how early endosome or phagosome identity is maintained is incompletely understood. We show that Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and Fc receptor ligation induces interaction of the GTPase Rab14 with the kinesin KIF16b mediating plus-end-directed microtubule transport of endosomes. As a result, Rab14 recruitment to phagosomes delays their maturation and killing of an internalized pathogen. Enhancing anterograde transport by overexpressing Rab14, promoting the GTP-bound Rab14 state, or inhibiting retrograde transport upregulates cross-presentation. Conversely, reducing Rab14 expression, destabilizing Rab14 endosomes, and inhibiting anterograde microtubule transport by Kif16b knockdown compromise cross-presentation. Therefore, regulation of early endosome trafficking by innate immune signals is a critical parameter in cross-presentation by dendritic cells.