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Michallet, Anne-Sophie; Aktan, Melih; Hiddemann, Wolfgang; Ilhan, Osman; Johansson, Peter; Laribi, Kamel; Meddeb, Balkis; Moreno, Carol; Raposo, Joao; Schuh, Anna; Unal, Ali; Widenius, Tom; Bernhardt, Alf; Kellershohn, Kerstin; Messeri, Dimitri; Osborne, Stuart; Leblond, Veronique (2018): Rituximab plus bendamustine or chlorambucil for chronic lymphocytic leukemia: primary analysis of the randomized, open-label MABLE study. In: Haematologica, Vol. 103, No. 4: pp. 698-706
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Abstract

MABLE investigated the efficacy and safety of rituximab plus bendamustine or rituximab plus chlorambucil in fludarabine-ineligible patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Patients received rituximab plus bendamustine or rituximab plus chlorambucil every four weeks for six cycles. Rituximab plus chlorambucil-treated patients without a complete response after Cycle 6 received chlorambucil monotherapy for at least six additional cycles or until complete response. The primary endpoint was complete response rate (confirmed by bone marrow biopsy) after Cycle 6 in first-line patients. Secondary endpoints included progression-free survival, overall survival, minimal residual disease, and safety. Overall, 357 patients were randomized (rituximab plus bendamustine, n=178;rituximab plus chlorambucil, n=179;intent-to-treat population), including 241 first-line patients (n=121 and n=120, respectively);355 patients received treatment (n=177 and n=178, respectively;safety population). In first-line patients, complete response rate after Cycle 6 (rituximab plus bendamustine, 24%;rituximab plus chlorambucil, 9%;P=0.002) and median progression-free survival (rituximab plus bendamustine, 40 months;rituximab plus chlorambucil, 30 months;P=0.003) were higher with rituximab plus bendamustine than rituximab plus chlorambucil. Overall response rate and overall survival were not different. In first-line patients with a complete response, minimal residual disease-negativity was higher with rituximab plus bendamustine than rituximab plus chlorambucil (66% vs. 36%). Overall adverse event incidence was similar (rituximab plus bendamustine, 98%;rituximab plus chlorambucil, 97%). Rituximab plus bendamustine may be a valuable first-line option for fludarabine-ineligible patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia. clinicaltrials.gov identifier: 01056510