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Wang, Xiaohong; Liu, Jinfeng; Wang, Peizhou; deMello, Andrew; Feng, Lingyan; Zhu, Xiaoli; Wen, Weijia; Kodzius, Rimantas; Gong, Xiuqing (2018): Synthesis of Biomaterials Utilizing Microfluidic Technology. In: Genes, Vol. 9, No. 6, 283
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Recently, microfluidic technologies have attracted an enormous amount of interest as potential new tools for a large range of applications including materials synthesis, chemical and biological detection, drug delivery and screening, point-of-care diagnostics, and in-the-field analysis. Their ability to handle extremely small volumes of fluids is accompanied by additional benefits, most notably, rapid and efficient mass and heat transfer. In addition, reactions performed within microfluidic systems are highly controlled, meaning that many advanced materials, with uniform and bespoke properties, can be synthesized in a direct and rapid manner. In this review, we discuss the utility of microfluidic systems in the synthesis of materials for a variety of biological applications. Such materials include microparticles or microcapsules for drug delivery, nanoscale materials for medicine or cellular assays, and micro- or nanofibers for tissue engineering.