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Steinwender, Gernot; Shajari, Mehdi; Mayer, Wolfgang J.; Kook, Daniel; Ardjomand, Navid; Vidic, Bertram; Kohnen, Thomas; Wedrich, Andreas (2018): Impact of a Displaced Corneal Apex in Small Incision Lenticule Extraction. In: Journal of Refractive Surgery, Vol. 34, No. 7: pp. 460-465
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PURPOSE: To evaluate the possible impact of a displaced corneal apex (point of maximum curvature) on visual results and tomographic parameters after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE). METHODS: In this retrospective evaluation, eyes with uncomplicated SMILE for myopia correction were classified in two groups based on their preoperative distance between the corneal apex and corneal vertex (corneal intercept with the patient's line of sight) of 1 mm or greater (large A-V distance) or less than 1 mm (small A-V distance). All surgeries were performed during the early learning curve of two surgeons. Visual outcome parameters included uncorrected (UDVA) and corrected (CDVA) distance visual acuity, manifest refractive spherical equivalent (MRSE), and refractive astigmatism 3 months postoperatively. Scheimpflug-derived tomographic outcome parameters included mean keratometry value, root mean square higher order aberrations (RMS HOAs), and optical zone decentration. RESULTS: The study comprised 94 eyes of 48 patients: 44 eyes in the large A-V distance group and 50 eyes in the small A-V distance group. Preoperative and postoperative RMS HOAs were significantly higher in the large A-V distance group than in the small A-V distance group (P=.002 and .008, respectively). Postoperative CDVA was significantly better in the small A-V distance group (P=.014). There were no statistically significant differences in postoperative UDVA, MRSE, refractive astigmatism, mean keratometry value, and optical zone decentration. CONCLUSIONS: After SMILE, CDVA was significantly worse in eyes with a preoperatively displaced corneal apex compared to eyes with a more central corneal apex. However, good visual results were achieved in both groups.