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Wertheimer, Christian M.; Shajari, Mehdi; Kohnen, Thomas; Studnitz, Annabel von; Kassumeh, Stefan; Dimitriou, Socrates; Lieberz, Ralf; Hakim, Imad; Priglinger, Siegfried G.; Mayer, Wolfgang J. (2018): Comparison of fibrotic response in the human lens capsular bag after femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery and conventional phacoemulsification. In: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery, Vol. 44, No. 6: pp. 750-755
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Purpose: To compare the effect of different laser pulse energy settings in femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery with that of standard phacoemulsification and no energy at all used on posterior capsule opacification (PCO) in vitro. Setting: Cell and Molecular Biology Research Laboratory, Department of Ophthalmology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Real Eyes, Ophthalmology Center, Munich, and Institute for Clinical Pathology, Goethe University Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany. Design: Experimental study. Methods: Fifteen cadaver capsular bags were cultivated from 8 human donors under standard cell culture conditions. For preparation of the capsular bag, 4 groups were established as follows: femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery standard energy (n = 3), femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery high energy (n = 3), phacoemulsification (n = 6), and hydrodissection without energy (extracapsular cataract extraction) (n = 3). Growth of lens epithelial cells was observed and photodocumented. The days until full cell coverage of the posterior capsule were documented. Capsular bags were stained for fibronectin, a-smooth muscle actin, and collagen type 1. Results: Cell growth patterns in all treatment groups were comparable, with no statistically significant differences detected at any timepoint measured (P =.81, Kruskal-Wallis). The markers for fibrosis were equally distributed in all groups, indicating an equal fibrotic reaction in all groups. Conclusion: Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery did not increase different cellular responses in PCO formation comparison with phacoemulsification in vitro, even when higher laser pulse energy levels were used.