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Wirth, Laura; Klein, Alexander; Baur-Melnyk, Andrea; Knosel, Thomas; Lindner, Lars H.; Röder, Falk; Jansson, Volkmar; Duerr, Hans Roland (2018): Desmoid Tumours of the extremity and trunk. A retrospective study of 44 patients. In: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 19:2
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Background: Desmoid-type fibromatosis (DF) is a aggressive (myo) fibroblastic neoplasm with an infiltrative growth and a tendency to local recurrence. Resection of the tumour and/or radiation were proposed as principal treatment. The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze the local control rates focusing on the effect of surgical margins and radiotherapy. Methods: From 1981 to 2014, 44 patients had been treated. Fifty four therapies had been applied, in 50 cases surgery +/-radiation therapy, NSAIDs or chemotherapy. In 4 cases a conservative approach was chosen. Thirty seven patients had primary, 17 recurrent disease. Endpoint was either local recurrence (LR), progression of residual disease or rare non-metastatic secondary lesions at the same extremity. Results: The mean age was 39,4 years. In 17 cases a R0, in 27 a R1 and in 6 cases a R2 resection was achieved. Four patients were treated conservatively. All together in 21 cases radiotherapy, in 5 NSAIDs, in 3 imatinib and in 2 cases each tamoxifen or chemotherapy had been applied. The median follow-up was 119 months. 5-year recurrence free survival after resection was 78%. 10 (20.4%) patients developed LR between 5 and 42 months after therapy. Recurrent disease was a negative factor on LR. Margins, radiotherapy, sex, or size of the tumour had no significant impact on LR. Patients younger than 40 years had a significant higher risk of LR. Conclusions: Surgical margins are less important than keeping function. Radiotherapy might be an option in unresectable lesions, the role of adjuvant radiotherapy is controversially discussed.