Logo Logo
Help
Contact
Switch Language to German
Capellen, Carl Ferdinand; Tiling, Reinhold; Klein, Alexander; Baur-Melnyk, Andrea; Knoesel, Thomas; Birkenmaier, Christof; Röder, Falk; Jansson, Volkmar; Duerr, Hans Roland (2018): Lowering the recurrence rate in pigmented villonodular synovitis: A series of 120 resections. In: Rheumatology, Vol. 57, No. 8: pp. 1448-1452
Full text not available from 'Open Access LMU'.

Abstract

Objectives. Tenosynovial giant-cell tumour or pigmented villonodular synovitis is an aggressive synovial proliferative disease, with the knee joint being the most commonly affected joint. The mainstay of therapy is surgical resection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the main patient characteristics, treatment and outcomes in a large single-centre retrospective study, focusing on meticulous aggressive open surgical procedures. Methods. From 1996 through 2014, 122 surgical interventions were performed in 105 patients. All patients underwent open synovectomy and when the knee joint was affected, combined anterior and posterior synovectomy. Radiotherapy was applied in 2 patients, radiosynoviorthesis in 27 patients. Results. In histopathology, the diffuse type was seen in 66 (54%) lesions. Two patients were lost during follow-up. At a median follow-up time of 71 months (range: 13-238), 22 (18%) lesions recurred within a median of 18 months, >90% in the first 3 years. Out of those 22 recurrences, 9 (11%) were seen in primary disease and 13 (34%) were a second recurrence. After renewed resection, 6 (5%) out of the 120 resections had persistent tumour at the end of follow-up. Based on the number of patients with complete follow-up (n = 103), this represents 5.8%. Conclusion. In diffuse-type pigmented villonodular synovitis, total synovectomy might be difficult to achieve. As shown in our results and also in the literature, meticulous open resection, especially in difficult to approach areas such as the popliteal space, reduces local recurrence rates. External beam radiation is an option in prevention of otherwise nonoperable local recurrences or in non-operable disease.