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Wei, Yuanyuan; Zhu, Mengyu; Schober, Andreas (2018): Macrophage MicroRNAs as Therapeutic Targets for Atherosclerosis, Metabolic Syndrome, and Cancer. In: International Journal of Molecular Sciences, Vol. 19, No. 6, 1756
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Abstract

Macrophages play a crucial role in the innate immune system and contribute to a broad spectrum of pathologies in chronic inflammatory diseases. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been demonstrated to play important roles in macrophage functions by regulating macrophage polarization, lipid metabolism and so on. Thus, miRNAs represent promising diagnostic and therapeutic targets in immune disorders. In this review, we will summarize the role of miRNAs in atherosclerosis, metabolic syndrome, and cancer by modulating macrophage phenotypes, which has been supported by in vivo evidence.