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Todica, Andrei; Beetz, Nick L.; Günther, Lisa; Zacherl, Mathias J.; Grabmaier, Ulrich; Huber, Bruno; Bartenstein, Peter; Brunner, Stefan; Lehner, Sebastian (2018): Monitoring of Cardiac Remodeling in a Mouse Model of Pressure-Overload Left Ventricular Hypertrophy with [F-18]FDG MicroPET. In: Molecular Imaging and Biology, Vol. 20, No. 2: pp. 268-274
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Abstract

This study aims to analyze the left ventricular function parameters, scar load, and hypertrophy in a mouse model of pressure-overload left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy over the course of 8 weeks using 2-deoxy-2-[F-18]fluoro-D-glucose ([F-18]FDG) micro-positron emission tomography (microPET) imaging. LV hypertrophy was induced in C57BL/6 mice by transverse aortic constriction (TAC). Myocardial hypertrophy developed after 2-4 weeks. ECG-gated microPET scans with [F-18]FDG were performed 4 and 8 weeks after surgery. The extent of fibrosis was measured by histopathologic analysis. LV function parameters and scar load were calculated using QGSA (R)/QPSA (R). LV metabolic volume (LVMV) and percentage injected dose per gram were estimated by threshold-based analysis. The fibrotic tissue volume increased significantly from 4 to 8 weeks after TAC (aEuroi1.67 vs. 3.91 mm(3);P = 0.044). There was a significant increase of the EDV (4 weeks: 54 +/- 15 mu l, 8 weeks: 79 +/- 32 mu l, P < 0.01) and LVMV (4 weeks: 222 +/- 24 mu l, 8 weeks: 276 +/- 52 mu l, P < 0.01) as well as a significant decrease of the LVEF (4 weeks: 56 +/- 17 %, 8 weeks: 44 +/- 20 %, P < 0.01). The increase of LVMV had a high predictive value regarding the amount of ex vivo measured fibrotic tissue (R = 0.905, P < 0.001). The myocardial metabolic defects increased within 4 weeks (P = 0.055) but only moderately correlated with the fibrosis volume (R = 0.502, P = 0.021). The increase in end-diastolic volume showed a positive correlation with the fibrosis at 8 weeks (R = 0.763, P = 0.017). [F-18]FDG-PET is applicable for serial in vivo monitoring of the TAC mouse model. Myocardial hypertrophy, the dilation of the left ventricle, and the decrease in LVEF could be reliably quantified over time, as well as the developing localized scar. The increase in volume over time is predictive of a high fibrosis load.