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Besler, Christian; Orban, Mathias; Rommel, Karl-Philipp; Braun, Daniel; Patel, Mehul; Hagl, Christian; Borger, Michael; Nabauer, Michael; Massberg, Steffen; Thiele, Holger; Hausleiter, Jörg; Lurz, Philipp (2018): Predictors of Procedural and Clinical Outcomes in Patients With Symptomatic Tricuspid Regurgitation Undergoing Transcatheter Edge-to-Edge Repair. In: Jacc-Cardiovascular Interventions, Vol. 11, No. 12: pp. 1119-1128
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OBJECTIVES This study sought to investigate predictors of procedural success and clinical outcomes in patients with tricuspid regurgitation (TR) at increased surgical risk undergoing transcatheter tricuspid valve edge-to-edge repair (TTVR). BACKGROUND Recent data suggest TTVR using the edge-to-edge repair technique in patients at high surgical risk is feasible and improves functional status at short-term follow-up. METHODS TTVR was carried out in 117 patients with symptomatic TR (median age 79.0 years [interquartile range (IQR): 75.5 to 83.0 years], EuroSCORE II 6.3% [IQR: 4.1% to 10.8%], STS mortality score 5.3% [IQR: 2.9% to 7.1%]) at 2 centers in Germany between March 2016 and November 2017. Seventy-four patients had concomitant severe mitral regurgitation and underwent transcatheter edge-to-edge repair of both valves. RESULTS During TTVR, 185 and 34 clips were implanted at the anteroseptal and posteroseptal commissures, respectively. Procedural success (TR reduction >= 1) was achieved in 81% of patients. Median TR effective regurgitant orifice area was reduced from 0.5 to 0.2 cm(2). After a median follow-up of 184 days (IQR: 106 to 363 days), 24 patients died and 21 patients were readmitted for heart failure. TTVR procedural success independently predicted the time free of death and admission for heart failure (hazard ratio: 0.20 [95% confidence interval: 0.08 to 0.48];p < 0.01), irrespective of concomitant mitral regurgitation. Small TR coaptation gap size and a central/anteroseptal TR jet location independently predicted procedural success on multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS Successful TR reduction by TTVR serves as a predictor for reduced mortality and heart failure hospitalization. TR coaptation gap and jet location may assist in decision making whether a patient is anatomically suited for TTVR.