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Eikendal, Anouk L. M.; den Ruijter, Hester M.; Haaring, Cees; Saam, Tobias; Geest, Rob J. van der; Westenberg, Jos J. M.; Bots, Michiel L.; Hoefer, Imo E.; Leiner, Tim (2018): Sex, body mass index, and blood pressure are related to aortic characteristics in healthy, young adults using magnetic resonance vessel wall imaging: the AMBITYON study. In: Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics Biology and Medicine, Vol. 31, No. 1: pp. 173-182
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Abstract

More detailed evaluation of atherosclerosis and its key determinants in young individuals is warranted to improve knowledge on the pathophysiology of its development and progression. This study evaluated associations of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-derived aortic wall area, wall thickness, and pulse wave velocity (PWV) with cardiovascular risk factors in asymptomatic, young adults. In 124 adults (age: 25-35 years) from the general population-based Atherosclerosis Monitoring and Biomarker Measurements in the Young study, demography, anthropometry, and blood samples were collected. The studied MRI-parameters were measured using a 3.0T MRI system. Relations between cardiovascular risk factors and aortic characteristics were assessed using multivariable linear regression analyses. Mean age was 31.8 years, 47.6% was male. Aortic wall area was positively associated with age [beta = 0.01, (95% confidence interval (CI) 2.00 x 10(-3), 0.02), p = 0.01] and BMI [beta = 0.01, (0.01, 0.02), p = 0.003] and negatively associated with sex (reference: men) [beta = -0.06, (-0.11, -0.01), p = 0.02]. Natural logarithm transformed (ln) aortic wall thickness was positively associated with BMI [beta = 0.01, (1.00 x 10(-3), 0.02), p = 0.02]. Ln aortic PWV was positively associated with 10 mmHg increment of SBP [beta = 0.06, (0.03, 0.09), p < 0.001] and DBP [beta = 0.06, (0.02, 0.09), p = 0.006]. No relations were observed for smoking and lipids. Already in early adulthood, aortic wall geometry and stiffness vary by age, sex, BMI, and blood pressure.