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Wirth, Ulrich; Renz, Bernhard W.; Andrade, Dorian; Schiergens, Tobias S.; Arbogast, Helmut; Andrassy, Joachim; Werner, Jens (2018): Successful treatment of enteroatmospheric fistulas in combination with negative pressure wound therapy: Experience on 3 cases and literature review. In: International Wound Journal, Vol. 15, No. 5: pp. 722-730
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Abstract

Enteroatmospheric fistulas (EAF) are rare but challenging and morbid complications of abdominal surgery and require time- as well as resource-consuming management. Furthermore, they severely affect patients' quality of life. Several treatment modalities for EAF management are described in the literature. We describe 3 consecutive cases of EAF treatment by employing negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) along with either a special silicone fistula adapter or a Silo-Vac-like system in another case to isolate the fistula from the remaining abdominal wound. Spontaneous fistula closure was achieved in 2 of the 3 cases, and surgical resection of the small bowel segment harbouring EAF opening was possible in a third case after wound conditioning. The rate of fistula closure was 100% (n=3/3). Compartmentalisation of the contaminated area using NPWT accelerated healing of the open abdominal wound remarkably. In summary, we present a useful tool for the challenging management of EAF and review the literature on different treatment options of EAF available today.