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Zengel, Pamela; Notter, Florian; Clevert, Dirk A. (2018): VTIQ and VTQ in combination with B-mode and color Doppler ultrasound improve classification of salivary gland tumors, especially for inexperienced physicians. In: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation, Vol. 70, No. 4: pp. 457-466
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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Ultrasound is the method of choice for preoperative evaluation of masses of the parotid glands. However, existing methods do not allow for definite differentiation between the most common benign and malignant tumors. OBJECTIVE: Thus, we evaluated the benefits of Virtual Touch Quantification (VTQ) and Virtual Touch imaging quantification (VTIQ) for improving preoperative evaluation of parotid tumors. METHODS: We investigated eight lymph nodes and 41 tumors of the parotid gland via ultrasound, color Doppler ultrasound, VTIQ and VTQ shear wave imaging. Each examination consisted of pictures and videos, which were evaluated by twelve examiners. Initially, each examiner predicted whether the mass was benign or malignant based on B-mode and Doppler images. Then each examiner viewed the VTIQ and VTQ shear wave images and reevaluated the predictions, which were then compared with the histopathological outcomes. RESULTS: In tumors, the sensitivity was 36% based only on B-mode and color Doppler sonography, which increased to 42% with the addition of VTIQ and VTQ. Likewise, the specificity also increased from 78% to 85%. CONCLUSIONS: VTQ and VTIQ provide additional data that improve the capability to distinguish between benign and malignant tumors allowing for an increase in both the sensitivity and specificity.