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Milos, Ruxandra-Iulia; Szimacsek, Martin; Leutmezer, Fritz; Rostasy, Kevin; Blaschek, Astrid; Karenfort, Michael; Schimmel, Mareike; Pritsch, Martin; Gravesande, Karin Storm Van's; Weber, Michael; Schmoeger, Michaela; Seidl, Rainer; Prayer, Daniela; Kornek, Barbara (2018): Clinical and magnetic resonance imaging features of children, adolescents, and adults with a clinically isolated syndrome. In: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology, Vol. 22, No. 6: pp. 1087-1094
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Abstract

Background: The diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) both in children and adults is based on clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features according to the McDonald criteria. Little is known about differences in the presentation between pre-pubertal children, ado lescents, and adult patients at disease onset. Objective: To compare (1) the clinical, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and MRI characteristics, and (2) the diagnostic performance of the 2010 McDonald criteria between pre-pubertal, adolescent, and adult patients with a clinically isolated syndrome (CIS). Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of the initial brain and spinal cord MRI scans from 11 pre-pubertal children, 46 adolescents, and 56 adults with a CIS. Furthermore, clinical, CSF characteristics, and the performance of the 2010 McDonald criteria were compared. Results: The first inter-attack interval tended to increase with age. With respect to MRI presentation, significantly fewer pre-pubertal children presented with juxtacortical and callosal lesions. We found no significant differences in the fulfillment of the 2010 McDonald criteria between the groups. Conclusion: In this retrospective series, subtle differences between children, adolescents, and adults with a CIS were noted. Larger samples are required in order to establish distinct features of the different age groups.