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Debus, Charlotte; Afshar-Oromieh, Ali; Floca, Ralf; Ingrisch, Michael; Knoll, Maximilian; Debus, Jürgen; Haberkorn, Uwe; Abdollahi, Amir (2018): Feasibility and robustness of dynamic F-18-FET PET based tracer kinetic models applied to patients with recurrent high-grade glioma prior to carbon ion irradiation. In: Scientific Reports, Vol. 8, 14760
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to analyze the robustness and diagnostic value of different compartment models for dynamic F-18-FET PET in recurrent high-grade glioma (HGG). Dynamic F-18-FET PET data of patients with recurrent WHO grade III (n:7) and WHO grade IV (n: 9) tumors undergoing re-irradiation with carbon ions were analyzed by voxelwise fitting of the time-activity curves with a simplified and an extended one-tissue compartment model (1TCM) and a two-tissue compartment model (2TCM), respectively. A simulation study was conducted to assess robustness and precision of the 2TCM. Parameter maps showed enhanced detail on tumor substructure. Neglecting the blood volume V-B in the 1TCM yields insufficient results. Parameter K-1 from both 1TCM and 2TCM showed correlation with overall patient survival after carbon ion irradiation (p = 0.043 and 0.036, respectively). The 2TCM yields realistic estimates for tumor blood volume, which was found to be significantly higher in WHO IV compared to WHO III (p = 0.031). Simulations on the 2TCM showed that K1 yields good accuracy and robustness while k(2) showed lowest stability of all parameters. The 1TCM provides the best compromise between parameter stability and model accuracy;however application of the 2TCM is still feasible and provides a more accurate representation of tracer-kinetics at the cost of reduced robustness. Detailed tracer kinetic analysis of F-18-FET PET with compartment models holds valuable information on tumor substructures and provides additional diagnostic and prognostic value.