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Schlaeger, Sarah; Klupp, Elisabeth; Weidlich, Dominik; Cervantes, Barbara; Foreman, Sarah C.; Deschauer, Marcus; Schoser, Benedikt; Katemann, Christoph; Kooijman, Hendrik; Rummeny, Ernst J.; Zimmer, Claus; Kirschke, Jan S.; Karampinos, Dimitrios C. (2018): T2-Weighted Dixon Turbo Spin Echo for Accelerated Simultaneous Grading of Whole-Body Skeletal Muscle Fat Infiltration and Edema in Patients With Neuromuscular Diseases. In: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography, Vol. 42, No. 4: pp. 574-579


Objective The assessment of fatty infiltration and edema in the musculature of patients with neuromuscular diseases (NMDs) typically requires the separate performance of T-1-weighted and fat-suppressed T-2-weighted sequences. T-2-weighted Dixon turbo spin echo (TSE) enables the generation of T-2-weighted fat- and water-separated images, which can be used to assess both pathologies simultaneously. The present study examines the diagnostic performance of T-2-weighted Dixon TSE compared with the standard sequences in 10 patients with NMDs and 10 healthy subjects. Methods Whole-body magnetic resonance imaging was performed including T-1-weighted Dixon fast field echo, T-2-weighted short-tau inversion recovery, and T-2-weighted Dixon TSE. Fatty infiltration and intramuscular edema were rated by 2 radiologists using visual semiquantitative rating scales. To assess intermethod and interrater agreement, weighted Cohen's coefficients were calculated. Results The ratings of fatty infiltration showed high intermethod and high interrater agreement (T-1-weighted Dixon fast field echo vs T-2-weighted Dixon TSE fat image). The evaluation of edematous changes showed high intermethod and good interrater agreement (T-2-weighted short-tau inversion recovery vs T-2-weighted Dixon TSE water image). Conclusions T-2-weighted Dixon TSE imaging is an alternative for accelerated simultaneous grading of whole-body skeletal muscle fat infiltration and edema in patients with NMDs.