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El Gezawi, Moataz; Haridy, Rasha; Elazm, Emad Abo; Al-Harbi, Fahad; Zouch, Mariem; Kaisarly, Dalia (2018): Microtensile bond strength, 4-point bending and nanoleakage of resin-dentin interfaces: Effects of two matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors. In: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, Vol. 78: pp. 206-213
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Abstract

Chronic degradation of hybrid layer collagen by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) jeopardizes resin-dentin interfacial integrity and limits the durability of dental restorations. The 4-point bending strength (BS) is a valid but uncommon method of testing the mechanical behavior of resin-dentin interfaces. The present study aims to analyze the influence of two matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors on microtensile bond strength (mu TBS), BS and nanoleakage. A total of 48 M were divided into three groups according to bonding procedure. Teeth were horizontally sectioned to produce a flat dentin surface. In the control group, etch-and-rinse Prime&Bond One (Dentsply) bonding was used;in the self-etch group, methacryloyloxydodecylpyridinium bromide (MDPB)containing Clearfil SE Protect (Kuraray) was used;and in the benzalkonium chloride (BAC)-etch group, BAC-etchant (Bisco) was used. A Ceram.X-One (Dentsply) composite was built as three successive layers and was light-cured. Samples were sectioned to produce microrods that were randomly divided into two groups for analysis at baseline and after 6 months of water immersion (n = 32), plus one slab for nanoleakage analysis (n = 8) via scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and digital image analysis (Fiji). Data were analyzed using the Weibull distribution and a mixed-model ANOVA with a post hoc Tukey test. All groups showed deterioration of the initial bonds. The self-etch group had a worse baseline mu TBS than the control but had the best BS after aging. BAC-etch did not improve bond stability of etch-and-rinse adhesive. The mu TBS and BS test results after aging were moderately correlated. Mixed fractures prevailed with regard to mu TBS, whereas adhesive fractures dominated with regard to BS. Nanoleakage was not eliminated in any group and increased after aging. MDPB self-etch resisted bond degradation better than etch-and-rinse adhesives, even after BAC-etching. Integrating BS in studies of mu TBS and nanoleakage might provide more clinically relevant outcomes for predicting the performance of dental adhesives.