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Ilie, N. and Luca, B. I. (2018): Efficacy of Modern Light Curing Units in Polymerizing Peripheral Zones in Simulated Large Bulk-fill Resin-composite Fillings. In: Operative Dentistry, Vol. 43, No. 4: pp. 416-425

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The variation in micro-hardness (HV) within simulated large cavities (10 X 6 mm) filled in one increment with three bulk-fill resin-based composites (BF-RBC) was assessed by means of a universal hardness device. Modern blue and violet-blue light curing units (LCUs) were applied in three different positions, by rotating the LCU in 120 degrees steps. The exposure distance was 3 mm. One center and two peripheral (4-mm apart from the center) HV line profiles were measured in 0.5-mm steps at 24 hours postpolymerization to calculate the depth of cure (DOC). Incident light, irradiance, and spectral distribution were recorded. A multivariate analysis (general linear model) assessed the effect of the varied parameters as well as their interaction terms on HV and DOC. The effect of LCU rotation was not significant (p=0.109). The DOC varied between 3.46 mm and 5.50 mm and was more strongly influenced by the BF-RBC (p<0.001, eta p(2) =0.774), followed by the width of specimen (p<0.001, eta p(2) =0.554), while the influence of the LCU was very low (p<0.06, eta p(2) =0.070). Whether a BF-RBC filling is cured as well in the periphery as in the center depends more on the material than on the curing unit used.

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