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Hansberger, Rotraud (2018): Representation of Which Reality? "Spiritual Forms" and "ma(sic)ani" in the Arabic Adaptation of Aristotle's Parva naturalia. In: Parva Naturalia in Greek, Arabic and Latin Aristotelianism: Supplementing the Science of the Soul, Vol. 17: pp. 99-121
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Abstract

This paper investigates the internal tensions within the account of "spiritual forms" in the ninth century Arabic adaptation of Aristotle's Parva naturalia. In the context of memory, these forms are introduced as mental representations of perceived reality;in the context of veridical dreaming, however, they as well as the perceptible objects are characterized as representations of a higher reality associated with the external "universal intellect," and moreover seem to require their own ontologically independent realm of "spirituality."