Reddehase, Matthias J.; Mutter, Wolfgang; Koszinowski, Ulrich H.
In vivo application of recombinant interleukin 2 in the immunotherapy of established cytomegalovirus infection.
In: The journal of experimental medicine, Vol. 165: pp. 650-656
We have shown in a murine model system for cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease in the immunocompromised host that in vivo application of recombinant human IL-2 (rhIL-2) can enhance the antiviral effect of a limited number of CD8+T lymphocytes, not only in prophylaxis, but also in therapy, when virus has already colonized host tissues. The observed net effect of IL-2 was consistent with the assumption of daily effector population doublings. The prospects for IL-2-supported immunotherapy of established CMV infection depend upon the tissues involved in disease. It appears that the prospects for controlling established CMV adrenalitis are less promising than for a therapy of interstitial CMV pneumonia.