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Natarelli, Lucia; Geissler, Claudia; Csaba, Gergely; Wei, Yuanyuan; Zhu, Mengyu; di Francesco, Andrea; Hartmann, Petra; Zimmer, Ralf; Schober, Andreas (2018): miR-103 promotes endothelial maladaptation by targeting lncWDR59. In: Nature Communications, Vol. 9, 2645
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Blood flow at arterial bifurcations and curvatures is naturally disturbed. Endothelial cells (ECs) fail to adapt to disturbed flow, which transcriptionally direct ECs toward a maladapted phenotype, characterized by chronic regeneration of injured ECs. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) can regulate EC maladaptation through targeting of protein-coding RNAs. However, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), known epigenetic regulators of biological processes, can also be miRNA targets, but their contribution on EC maladaptation is unclear. Here we show that hyperlipidemia-and oxLDL-induced upregulation of miR-103 inhibits EC proliferation and promotes endothelial DNA damage through targeting of novel lncWDR59. MiR-103 impedes lncWDR59 interaction with Notch1-inhibitor Numb, therefore affecting Notch1-induced EC proliferation. Moreover, miR-103 increases the susceptibility of proliferating ECs to oxLDL-induced mitotic aberrations, characterized by an increased micronucleic formation and DNA damage accumulation, by affecting Notch1-related beta-catenin co-activation. Collectively, these data indicate that miR-103 programs ECs toward a maladapted phenotype through targeting of lncWDR59, which may promote atherosclerosis.