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Di Teodoro, E. M.; Grillo, C.; Fraternali, F.; Gobat, R.; Karman, W.; Mercurio, A.; Rosati, P.; Balestra, I.; Caminha, G. B.; Caputi, K. I.; Lombardi, M.; Suyu, S. H.; Treu, T.; Vanzella, E. (2018): Kinematics of the SN Refsdal host revealed by MUSE: a regularly rotating spiral galaxy at z similar or equal to 1.5. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 476, No. 1: pp. 804-813
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Abstract

We use Multi Unit Spectroscopic Explorer (MUSE) observations of the galaxy cluster MACS J1149.5+2223 to explore the kinematics of the grand-design spiral galaxy (Sp1149) hosting the supernova 'Refsdal'. Sp1149 lies at z similar or equal to 1.49, has a stellar mass M-* similar or equal to 5 x 10(9) M-circle dot, has a star formation rate (SFR) similar or equal to 1-6 M-circle dot yr(-1), and represents a likely progenitor of a Milky Way-like galaxy. All the four multiple images of Sp1149 in our data show strong [O II]-line emissions pointing to a clear rotation pattern. We take advantage of the gravitational lensing magnification effect (similar or equal to 4x) on the [OII] emission of the least distorted image to fit three-dimensional kinematic models to the MUSE data cube and derive the rotation curve and the velocity dispersion profile of Sp1149. We find that the rotation curve steeply rises, peaks at R similar or equal to 1 kpc, and then (initially) declines and flattens to an average V-flat = 128(-19)(+29) km s(-1). The shape of the rotation curve is well determined, but the actual value of V-flat is quite uncertain because of the nearly face-on configuration of the galaxy. The intrinsic velocity dispersion due to gas turbulence is almost constant across the entire disc with an average of 27 +/- 5 kms(-1). This value is consistent with z = 0 measurements in the ionized gas component and a factor of 2-4 lower than other estimates in different galaxies at similar redshifts. The average stellar-to-total mass fraction is of the order of one-fifth. Our kinematic analysis returns the picture of a regular star-forming, mildly turbulent, rotation-dominated (V/sigma similar or equal to 5) spiral galaxy in a 4-Gyr-old Universe.