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Guzman, Viviana V.; Huang, Jane; Andrews, Sean M.; Isella, Andrea; Perez, Laura M.; Carpenter, John M.; Dullemond, Cornelis P.; Ricci, Luca; Birnstiel, Tilman; Zhang, Shangjia; Zhu, Zhaohuan; Bai, Xue-Ning; Benisty, Myriam; Oberg, Karin I.; Wilner, David J. (2018): The Disk Substructures at High Angular Resolution Program (DSHARP). VIII. The Rich Ringed Substructures in the AS 209 Disk. In: Astrophysical Journal Letters, Vol. 869, No. 2, L48
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Abstract

We present a detailed analysis of the high angular resolution (0.'' 037, corresponding to 5 au) observations of the 1.25. mm continuum and (CO)-C-12 2 - 1 emission from the disk around the T. Tauri star AS. 209. AS. 209 hosts one of the most unusual disks from the Disk Substructures at High Angular Resolution Project sample, the first high angular resolution Atacama Large Millimeter Array survey of disks, as nearly all of the emission can be explained with concentric Gaussian rings. In particular, the dust emission consists of a series of narrow and closely spaced rings in the inner similar to 60 au, two well-separated bright rings in the outer disk, centered at 74 and 120 au, and at least two fainter emission features at 90 and 130 au. We model the visibilities with a parametric representation of the radial surface brightness profile, consisting of a central core and seven concentric Gaussian rings. Recent hydrodynamical simulations of low-viscosity disks show that super-Earth planets can produce the multiple gaps seen in AS. 209 millimeter continuum emission. The (CO)-C-12 line emission is centrally peaked and extends out to similar to 300 au, much farther than the millimeter dust emission. We find axisymmetric, localized deficits of CO emission around four distinct radii, near 45, 75, 120, and 210 au. The outermost gap is located well beyond the edge of the millimeter dust emission, and therefore cannot be due to dust opacity and must be caused by a genuine CO surface density reduction, due either to chemical effects or depletion of the overall gas content.