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Bauer, Marianne; Frey, Erwin (2018): Delayed adaptation in stochastic metapopulation models((a)). In: Epl, Vol. 122, No. 6, 68002
Full text not available from 'Open Access LMU'.

Abstract

How does delayed fitnesses adaptation after local habitat changes affect survival of species metapopulation? We study this question in a two-species model system, where the species composition of a local patch determines the reference fitness of all its individuals. When individuals move, this local species composition changes. As the local environment on the patch might, adapt, slowly to this change, we assume that individuals in turn adapt their fitness with a stochastic delay. We show that the combination of delay and spatial substructure can yield significantly different phase diagrams for the survival of these species with respect to models with immediate response. We investigate this exemplarily for the case where the two species interact via an exoproduct: thus, our population consists of a slow-growing producer species and a fast-growing dominant species. We provide a conceptual understanding of the role of delay by presenting analytic result,s in tlie well-mixed and low-mobility limit,. By studying intermediate mobilities numerically, we ensure that our results are robust,, and may be relevant to different ecological situations as well as microbial metapopulation experiments.