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Schwarz, F.; Weymann, I; Delft, J. von; Weichselbaum, A. (2018): Nonequilibrium Steady-State Transport in Quantum Impurity Models: A Thermofield and Quantum Quench Approach Using Matrix Product States. In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 121, No. 13, 137702
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Abstract

The numerical renormalization group (NRG) is tailored to describe interacting impurity models in equilibrium, but it faces limitations for steady-state nonequilibrium, arising, e.g., due to an applied bias voltage. We show that these limitations can be overcome by describing the thermal leads using a thermofield approach, integrating out high energy modes using NRG, and then treating the nonequilibrium dynamics at low energies using a quench protocol, implemented using the time-dependent density matrix renormalization group. This yields quantitatively reliable results for the current (with errors less than or similar to 3%) down to the exponentially small energy scales characteristic of impurity models. We present results of benchmark quality for the temperature and magnetic field dependence of the zero-bias conductance peak for the single-impurity Anderson model.