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Hayward, A.; Schweizer, C.; Lohse, M.; Aidelsburger, M.; Heidrich-Meisner, F. (2018): Topological charge pumping in the interacting bosonic Rice-Mele model. In: Physical Review B, Vol. 98, No. 24, 245148
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Abstract

We investigate topological charge pumping in a system of interacting bosons in the tight-binding limit, described by the Rice-Mele model. An appropriate topological invarient for the many-body case is the change of polarization per pump cycle, which we compute for various interaction strengths from infinite-size matrix-product-state simulations. We verify that the charge pumping remains quantized as long as the pump cycle avoids the superfluid phase. In the limit of hardcore bosons, the quantized pumped charge can be understood from single-particle properties such as the integrated Berry curvature constructed from Bloch stated, while this picture breaks down at finite interaction strengths. These two properties-robust quantized charge transport in an interacting system of bosons and breakdown of a single-particle invarient-could both be measured with ultracold quantum gases extending a previous experiment [Lohse et al., Nat. Phys. 12, 350 (2016)]. Furthermore, we investigate the entanglement spectrum of the Rice-Mele modal and argue that the quantized charge pumping is encoded in a winding of the spectral flow in the entanglement over a pump cycle.