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Schneidemesser, Erika von; Bonn, Boris; Butler, Tim M.; Ehlers, Christian; Gerwig, Holger; Hakola, Hannele; Hellen, Heidi; Kerschbaumer, Andreas; Klemp, Dieter; Kofahl, Claudia; Kura, Jürgen; Luedecke, Anja; Nothard, Rainer; Pietsch, Axel; Quedenau, Jörn; Schaefer, Klaus; Schauer, James J.; Singh, Ashish; Villalobos, Ana-Maria; Wiegner, Matthias; Lawrence, Mark G. (2018): BAERLIN2014-stationary measurements and source apportionment at an urban background station in Berlin, Germany. In: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 18, No. 12: pp. 8621-8645
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The "Berlin Air quality and Ecosystem Research: Local and long-range Impact of anthropogenic and Natural hydrocarbons" (BAERLIN2014) campaign was conducted during the 3 summer months (June-August) of 2014. During this measurement campaign, both stationary and mobile measurements were undertaken to address complementary aims. This paper provides an overview of the stationary measurements and results that were focused on characterization of gaseous and particulate pollution, including source attribution, in the Berlin-Potsdam area, and quantification of the role of natural sources in determining levels of ozone and related gaseous pollutants. Results show that biogenic contributions to ozone and particulate matter are substantial. One indicator for ozone formation, the OH reactivity, showed a 31% (0.82 +/- 0.44 s(-1) and 75% (3.7 +/- 0.90 s(-1) contribution from biogenic non-methane volatile organic com-pounds (NMVOCs) for urban background (2.6 +/- 0.68 s(-1) and urban park (4.9 +/- 1.0 s(-1) location, respectively, emphasizing the importance of such locations as sources of biogenic NMVOCs in urban areas. A comparison to NMVOC measurements made in Berlin approximately 20 years earlier generally show lower levels today for anthropogenic NMVOCs. A substantial contribution of secondary organic and inorganic aerosol to PM10 concentrations was quantified. In addition to secondary aerosols, source apportionment analysis of the organic carbon fraction identified the contribution of biogenic (plant-based) particulate matter, as well as primary contributions from vehicles, with a larger contribution from diesel compared to gasoline vehicles, as well as a relatively small contribution from wood burning, linked to measured levoglucosan.