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Meyer, Daniel; Jangra, Harish; Walther, Fabian; Zipse, Hendrik; Renaud, Philippe (2018): A third generation of radical fluorinating agents based on N-fluoro-N-arylsulfonamides. In: Nature Communications, Vol. 9, 4888


Radical fluorination has been known for a long time, but synthetic applications were severely limited by the hazardous nature of the first generation of reagents such as F-2 and the strongly electrophilic nature of the second generation of reagents such as N-fluorobenzenesulfonimide (NFSI) and Selecfluor (R). Here, we report the preparation, use and properties of N-fluoro-N- arylsulfonamides (NFASs), a class of fluorinating reagents suitable for radical fluorination under mild conditions. Their N-F bond dissociation energies (BDE) are 30-45 kJ moI(-1) lower than the N-F BDE of the reagents of the second generation. This favors clean radical fluorination processes over undesired side reactions. The utility of NFASs is demonstrated by a metal-free radical hydrofluorination of alkenes including an efficient remote C-H fluorination via a 1,5-hydrogen atom transfer. NFASs have the potential to become the reagents of choice in many radical fluorination processes.