Münch, Konrad; Keil, Günther M.; Messerle, Martin; Koszinowski, Ulrich H.
Interaction of the 89K murine cytomegalovirus immediate-early protein with core histones.
In: Virology, Vol. 163: S. 405-412
The conditions that permit the interaction of immediate-early proteins of murine cytornegalovirus (MCMV) with DNA were studied. Chromatography of extracts from infected cells on MCMV DNA cellulose and calf thymus DNA cellulose showed that pp89, the regulatory major immediate-early protein, interacts with DNA and dissociates at salt concentrations between 0.3 and 0.6 M NaCl. pp76, a cleavage product of pp89, and additional minor ie1 proteins eluted already at low ionic strength. Cellular DNA-binding factors were required for association of pp89 with DNA. These factors were identified as core histones. Chromatography of IE proteins on histone-Sepharose in the absence of DNA revealed a high-binding affinity that was resistant to 2 M NaCl. These results suggest that pp89 has no direct DNA-binding activity. A role for an amino acid sequence homology in the N-terminal region of pp89 with histone H2B in the pp89-histone-DNA Interaction is discussed.