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Lermer, Claudia; Senocrate, Alessandro; Moudrakovski, Igor; Seewald, Tobias; Hatz, Anna-Katharina; Mayer, Peter; Pielnhofer, Florian; Jaser, Julian A.; Schmidt-Mende, Lukas; Maier, Joachim; Lotsch, Bettina (2018): Completing the Picture of 2-(Aminomethylpyridinium) Lead Hybrid Perovskites: Insights into Structure, Conductivity Behavior, and Optical Properties. In: Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 30, No. 18: pp. 6289-6297
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Hybrid perovskites have evolved into an exciting materials platform supporting a wide variety of optoelectronic applications including solar cells and light-emitting devices. In spite of their rapid deployment in devices, a detailed understanding of their structure-property relationships is scarce. In this study, we comprehensively analyze the crystal and electronic structures as well as thermal, optical, and electronic properties of a series of 2-(aminomethylpyridinium) lead halides including the isotypic hybrid perovskites (C6H10N2)PbX4 (X = Cl, Br, and I) and the hybrid compound (C6H10N2)(6)IPb5I21 center dot 3H(2)O. The thermal transformation of (C6H10N2)(6)IPb5I21 center dot 3H(2)O into (C6H10N2)PbI4 was studied by thermal analysis and powder X-ray diffraction and used to reverse engineer a synthesis route for phase-pure (C6H10N2)-PbI4. The very broad PL emission of (C6H10N2)(6)IPb5I21 center dot 3H(2)O is traced back to the largest octahedral distortion found in this compound among all studied 2-(aminomethylpyridinium) lead halides. We further find that (C6H10N2)PbI4 and (C6H10N2)(6)IPb5I21 center dot 3H(2)O are mixed ionic-electronic conductors and identify the diffusing ionic species as iodine and protons, respectively, by combining solid-state NMR measurements with a.c. impedance spectroscopy and d.c. galvanostatic polarization measurements.