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Strobel, Philipp; Bör, Tristan de; Weiler, Volker; Schmidt, Peter J.; Moewes, Alexander; Schnick, Wolfgang ORCID: 0000-0003-4571-8035 (2018): Luminescence of an Oxonitridoberyllate: A Study of Narrow-Band Cyan-Emitting Sr[Be6ON4]:Eu2+. In: Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 30, No. 9: pp. 3122-3130
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Oxo- and (oxo)nitridoberyllates show exceptional potential as host lattices for application in illumination grade phosphor converted (pc)LEDs due to their remarkable electronic and structural characteristics, allowing highly efficient narrow-band emission upon doping with Eu2+. Sr[Be6ON4]:Eu2+, the first example of an oxonitridoberyllate phosphor, exhibits narrow-band cyan emission (lambda(em) = 495 nm;full width at half-maximum, fwhm = 35 nm;approximate to 1400 cm(-1)), comparable to the emission of the oxonitridosilicate BaSi2O2N2:Eu2+ (fwhm = 35 nm) or a cyan-emitting primary LED (fwhm = 27 nm). Sr[Be6ON4]:Eu2+ reveals a highly condensed rigid 3D network with a remarkably large degree of condensation [i.e., atomic ratio Be:(O,N)] of kappa = 1.2 that is achieved by interconnection of highly condensed layers of BeN4 tetrahedra by Be2ON6 units via common edges. The crystal structure of Sr[Be6ON4]:Eu2+ was solved on the basis of single-crystal and powder XRD data (C2/c, no. 15, a = 13.9283(14), b = 5.7582(6), c = 4.9908(5) angstrom, beta = 90.195(1)degrees, Z = 4, R-1 = 0.033, wR(2) = 0.065, GoF = 1.046). Sr[Be6ON4]:Eu2+ shows a close structural relationship to other nitride as well as oxide compounds, and therefore closes a structural gap helping to understand relations in Be-containing solid-state materials. The electronic structure of Sr[Be6ON4]:Eu2+ was characterized by X-ray spectroscopy measurements, supported by density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Due to its excellent emission properties, large band gap, rigid 3D network, as well as chemical and thermal stability, Sr[Be6ON4]:Eu2+ is a promising phosphor to close the cyan gap in efficient high-CRI pcLEDs (CRI, color rendering index).