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Moegling, Julian; Hoffmann, Alexander; Thomas, Fabian; Orth, Nicole; Liebhaeuser, Patricia; Herber, Ulrich; Rampmaier, Robert; Stanek, Julia; Fink, Gerhard; Ivanovic-Burmazovic, Ivana; Herres-Pawlis, Sonja (2018): Designed To React: Terminal Copper Nitrenes and Their Application in Catalytic C-H Aminations. In: Angewandte Chemie-International Edition, Vol. 57, No. 29: pp. 9154-9159
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Abstract

Heteroscorpionate ligands of the bis(pyrazolyl)methane family have been applied in the stabilisation of terminal copper tosyl nitrenes. These species are highly active intermediates in the copper-catalysed direct C-H amination and nitrene transfer. Novel perfluoroalkyl-pyrazolyl- and pyridinyl-containing ligands were synthesized to coordinate to a reactive copper nitrene centre. Four distinct copper tosyl nitrenes were prepared at low temperatures by the reaction with SO(2)tBuPhINTs and copper(I) acetonitrile complexes. Their stoichiometric reactivity has been elucidated regarding the imination of phosphines and the aziridination of styrenes. The formation and thermal decay of the copper nitrenes were investigated by UV/Vis spectroscopy of the highly coloured species. Additionally, the compounds were studied by cryo-UHR-ESI mass spectrometry and DFT calculations. In addition, a mild catalytic procedure has been developed where the copper nitrene precursors enable the C-H amination of cyclohexane and toluene and the aziridination of styrenes.