Roedewald, H. R.; Koszinowski, Ulrich H.; Eichmann, K.; Melchers, I.
Predominant utilization of V beta 8+ T cell receptor genes in the H-2Ld- restricted cytotoxic T cell response against the immediate-early protein pp89 of the murine cytomegalovirus.
In: The Journal of Immunology, Vol. 143: pp. 4238-4243
Cytotoxic T cell responses to the murine Cytomegalovirus (MCMV) were elicited in BALB/c mice (H-2d) by infectious virus. Eight days after infection, MCMV-primed local lymph node T cells were either depleted for T cells expressing a V beta 8+ TCR or separated into V beta 8+ and V beta 8- subpopulations by a cell sorter using the mAb F23.1. T cells were then expanded in vitro under limiting dilution conditions in the presence of IL-2 and in the absence of viral Ag to avoid selection by Ag in vitro. Frequencies of CTL precursors specific for the Immediate- Early-Ag 1 of MCMV and restricted to H-2Ld were determined. L cells of the endogenous haplotype H-2k cotransfected with the genes for MCMV-IE 1 and H-2Ld were used as target cells. Detection of a CTL response required previous priming of the animals by infection in vivo (less than 1/10(6) for nonimmunized animals). In primed animals CTL precursors of this specificity and restriction were three to fivefold more frequent in the V beta 8+ population (1/9.900 to 1/22.300) than in the V beta 8- population (1/57.000 to 1/87.200). Control experiments showed that frequencies were not influenced by the treatment with the anti-V beta 8-antibody and the fluorescein-labeled anti-Ig itself. V beta 8+ and V beta 8- T cells did not reveal any frequency differences when several other responses were determined (TNP-specific self- restricted CTL precursor; Th cells specific for keyhole limpet hemocyanin or Listeria monocytogenes).