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Fritz, Katharina; Wimmer, Sebastian; Ebert, Hubert; Meinert, Markus (2018): Large spin Hall effect in an amorphous binary alloy. In: Physical Review B, Vol. 98, No. 9, 94433
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Abstract

We investigate the spin Hall effect of W-Hf thin films, which exhibit a phase transition from a segregated phase mixture to an amorphous alloy below 70% W. The spin Hall angle was determined with a planar harmonic Hall voltage technique. Due to the accompanying jump in resistivity, the spin Hall angle shows a pronounced maximum at the composition of the phase transition. The spin Hall conductivity does, however, reduce from W to Hf with a weak discontinuity across the phase transition. The maximum spin Hall angle of theta(SH) = -0.20 is obtained for amorphous W0.7Hf (0.3). A detailed comparison with spin Hall conductivities calculated from first principles for hcp, fcc, and bcc solid solutions provides valuable insight into the alloying physics of this binary system.