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Pascual, Javier; Foesel, Bärbel U.; Geppert, Alicia; Huber, Katharina J.; Bödeker, Christian; Luckner, Manja; Wanner, Gerhard; Overmann, Jörg (2018): Roseisolibacter agri gen. nov., sp nov., a novel slow-growing member of the under-represented phylum Gemmatimonadetes. In: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, Vol. 68, No. 4: pp. 1028-1036
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Abstract

A novel slow-growing bacterium, designated strain AW1220(T), was isolated from agricultural floodplain soil sampled at Mashare (Kavango region, Namibia) by using a high-throughput cultivation approach. Strain AW1220(T) was characterized as a Gram-negative, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterium. Occasionally, some cells attained an unusual length of up to 35 mu m. The strain showed positive responses for catalase and cytochrome-c oxidase and divided by binary fission and/or budding. The strain had an aerobic chemoorganoheterotrophic metabolism and was also able to grow under micro-oxic conditions. Colonies were small and pink pigmented. Strain AW1220(T) was found to be a mesophilic, neutrophilic and non-halophilic bacterium. Cells accumulated polyphosphate intracellularly and mainly utilized complex protein substrates for growth. 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons revealed that strain AW1220(T) belonged to the class Gemmatimonadetes (= group 1). Its closest relatives were found to be Gemmatimonas aurantiaca T-27(T) (90.9% gene sequence similarity), Gemmatimonas phototrophica AP64(T) (90.8 %) and Longimicrobium terrae CB-286315(T) (84.2 %). The genomic G+C content was 73.3 mol%. The major fatty acids were iso-C-15 : 0, C-16 : 1 omega 7c and/or iso-C-15 : 0 2-OH, iso-C-17 : 1 omega 9c, iso-C-15 : 0 3-OH and C-16 : 0. The predominant respiratory quinone was MK-9, albeit minor amounts of MK-8 and MK-10 are also present. The polar lipids comprised major amounts of phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, diphosphatidylglycerol and one unidentified phosphoglycolipid. On the basis of its polyphasic characterization, strain AW1220(T) represents a novel genus and species of the class Gemmatimonadetes for which the name Roseisolibacter agri gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain AW1220(T) (= DSM 104292(T) = LMG 29977(T)).