Kramer, M.; Koszinowski, Ulrich H.
T cell-specific suppressor factor(s) with regulatory influence on interleukin 2 production and function.
In: The Journal of Immunology, Vol. 128: S. 784-790
In this study we report that alloantigen-activated spleen cells produce both amplifying and suppressive factors under the same conditions. Both types of soluble mediators--as detected in different assay systems-- were present in the supernatants of in vivo sensitized and in vitro restimulated spleen cell populations and were separable by gel filtration. As shown by others, the amplifying factor (IL 2) was eluted in the size range of 30,000 m.w. The suppressive factor(s) (SF) was eluted in the size range of 10,000 m.w. SF was shown to inhibit the proliferative response of T cells to alloantigen, as well as the generation of regulatory T cells and cytotoxic T cells from their precursors when added at the beginning of the in vitro culture. Furthermore, SF inhibited the release of IL 2 from producer T cells but had no detectable effect on the interaction of IL 2 with receptive T cells. In addition it was shown that SF does not affect the generation of PFC from their precursors after activation by T cell-independent antigens. The results indicate that SF selectively acts on T cells and that it is involved in the regulation of the immune response by modulating early events in T cell activation.