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Xu, Junqing; Zhang, Peng; Haule, K.; Minar, Jan; Wimmer, Sebastian; Ebert, Hubert and Cohen, R. E. (2018): Thermal Conductivity and Electrical Resistivity of Solid Iron at Earth's Core Conditions from First Principles. In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 121, No. 9, 96601

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We compute the thermal conductivity and electrical resistivity of solid hcp Fe to pressures and temperatures of Earth's core. We find significant contributions from electron-electron scattering, usually neglected at high temperatures in transition metals. Our calculations show a quasilinear relation between the electrical resistivity and temperature for hcp Fe at extreme high pressures. We obtain thermal and electrical conductivities that are consistent with experiments considering reasonable error. The predicted thermal conductivity is reduced from previous estimates that neglect electron-electron scattering. Our estimated thermal conductivity for the outer core is 77 +/- 10 Wm(-1) K-1 and is consistent with a geodynamo driven by thermal convection.

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