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Mandal, Subhasish; Cohen, R. E. and Haule, K. (2018): Valence and spin fluctuations in the Mn-doped ferroelectric BaTiO3. In: Physical Review B, Vol. 98, No. 7, 75155

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We study Mn substitution for Ti in BaTiO3 with and without compensating oxygen vacancies using density functional theory (DFT) in combination with dynamical mean-field theory (DMFT). We find strong charge and spin fluctuations. Without compensating oxygen vacancies, the ground state is found to be a quantum superposition of two distinct atomic valences, 3d(4) and 3d(5). Introducing a compensating oxygen vacancy at a neighboring site reduces both charge and spin fluctuations due to the reduction of electron hopping from Mn to its ligands. As a consequence, valence fluctuations are reduced, and the valence is closely fixed to the high spin 3d(5) state. Here we show that inclusion of charge and spin fluctuations is necessary to obtain an accurate ground state of transition metal-doped ferroelectrics.

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