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Beck, Tobias; Kilchling, Tim; Reese, Sven ORCID: 0000-0002-4605-9791; Brühschwein, Andreas; Meyer-Lindenberg, Andrea (14. November 2019): Influence of storage on the quality of conventional CT and μCT‑imaging for the middle and inner cat ear. In: Anatomical Science International, Vol. 95, No. 2: pp. 190-201 [Forthcoming]
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to analyze whether different fixation methods such as freezing or formaldehyde storage for different periods of time have an influence on the recognition of anatomical relevant structures in the middle and inner ear of the cat with conventional computed tomography (cCT) and micro-computed tomography (μCT). Besides, effects of freeze–thaw cycles on determined structures of the ear were investigated by means of histological slices. Three veterinarians with different radiologic expertise evaluated the scans of 30 dissected cat ears anonymously and scored predefined structures in a five-point scale with reference to visually sharp reproducibility and perfect image quality. The total scores of the different fixation groups as well as the ears within a group were compared with each other. Furthermore, an intra-reader examination including an evaluation of the identifiability of specified structures was performed for both imaging methods. cCT as well as μCT-scans have a very low variation coefficient of 1.6% and 2.3%, respectively. The results for the alterations between the different fixation methods show that the changes for cCT-scans are negligible, as the percentage alteration compared to fresh samples ranges in a very small interval with values from 1.0% better to 1.2% worse. μCT-scans are more influenced by the fixation method with a range from 1.3% better to 6.9% worse values. The scans mostly deteriorated after two freeze–thaw cycles (1.8% worse) and after storing the samples for 1 (2.4% worse), respectively, and 3 weeks in formaldehyde (6.9% worse).