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Lederer, Alexander; Kunzelmann, Karl‐Heinz; Heck, Katrin; Hickel, Reinhard; Litzenburger, Friederike (2019): In‐vitro validation of near‐infrared reflection for proximal caries detection. In: European Journal of Oral Sciences, Vol. 127, No. 6: pp. 515-522
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Abstract

The aim of this study was the in‐vitro validation of VistaCam iX HD, which uses near‐infrared reflection (NIRR), for proximal caries detection. It was compared with digital bitewing radiography (BWR), and micro‐computed tomography (µCT) was used as the reference standard. One‐hundred teeth with either sound (n = 54) or carious (n = 46) proximal surfaces were selected using visual–tactile criteria. Images of these surfaces were generated using BWR and NIRR. Evaluation was performed by two examiners, twice, at an interval of 2 weeks. All samples were scanned with a micro‐computed tomograph. Thresholds were defined for sound surfaces, and for enamel and dentin lesions, for all methods. Both BWR and NIRR showed moderate sensitivity for the detection of any caries (0.50 for NIRR and 0.53 for BWR). For enamel lesions, sensitivity was lower (0.13 for NIRR and 0.31 for BWR). Specificity was high (≥0.94) in all categories for both methods. Inter‐rater reliability ranged from 0.89 to 0.93 and intra‐rater reliability from 0.80 to 0.89. Surface evaluation of images generated using NIRR was complicated by overexposed areas; approximately 25% of the images were not clearly interpretable. In conclusion, NIRR and BWR were found to be reproducible methods with comparable diagnostic accuracy. However, NIRR cannot be recommended as a complementary diagnostic method for assessing proximal caries in permanent molars because of problems with image quality and artefacts.