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Barron, Lucie‐Charlotte; Haas, Nikolaus; Hagl, Christian; Schulze‐Neick, Ingram; Ulrich, Sarah; Lehner, Anja; Heinen, Florian; Weinberger, Raphael; Rosenthal, Lale; Gerstl, Lucia; Dalla‐Pozza, Robert (2019): Motor outcome, executive functioning, and health‐related quality of life of children, adolescents, and young adults after ventricular assist device and heart transplantation. In: Pediatric Transplantation, Vol. 24, No. 1, e13631
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Abstract

Objective The aim of the current study is to measure long‐term executive function, motor outcome, and QoL in children, adolescents, and young adults after VAD and Htx. Methods Patients were examined during routine follow‐up. Investigation tools were used as follows: Examination for MND of motor outcomes, Epitrack® for attention and executive functioning, and Kidscreen‐52 and EQ‐5D‐5L questionnaires for QoL. Additional data were retrospectively obtained by an analysis of patient medical records. Results Out of 145 heart transplant recipients at the department of pediatric cardiology of the University Hospital Munich, 39 were implanted with a VAD between 1992 and 2016. Seventeen (43.6%) patients died before or after Htx; 22 (56.4%) patients were included in our study. Mean age at transplant was 9.52 years (range: 0.58‐24.39 years, median 9), and the mean follow‐up time after Htx was 6.18 years (range: 0.05‐14.60 years, median 5.82). MND examination could be performed in 13 patients (normal MND: n = 11, simple MND: n = 1, complex MND: n = 1). Executive functioning was tested in 15 patients. Two (13.3%) patients had good results, six (40%) average results, three (20%) borderline results, and four (26.7%) impaired results. QoL (Kidscreen n = 7, EQ‐5D‐5L n = 8) was similar to a healthy German population. Conclusion Motor outcome, executive functioning and QoL in survivors of VAD bridging therapy and Htx can be good, though underlying diseases and therapies are associated with a high risk of cerebral ischemic or hemorrhagic complications.