Thompson, John A.; Zimmermann, Wolfgang; Osthus-Bugat, P.; Schleussner, Cathrin; Eades-Perner, Anne-Marie; Barnert, Sabine; Willcocks, Teresa; Craig, Ian; Tynan, Katherine; Olsen, Anne; Mohrenweiser, Harvey
Long-Range Chromosomal Mapping of the Carcinoembryonic Antigen (CEA) Gene Family Cluster.
In: Genomics, Vol. 12, No. 4: pp. 761-772
A long-range physical map of the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) gene family cluster, which is located on the long arm of chromosome 19, has been constructed. This was achieved by hybridization analysis of large DNA fragments separated by pulse-field gel electrophoresis and of DNA from human/rodent somatic cell hybrids, as well as the assembly of ordered sets of cosmids for this gene region into contigs. The different approaches yielded very similar results and indicate that the entire gene family is contained within a region located at position 19q13.1–q13.2 between the CYP2A and the D19S15/D19S8 markers. The physical linkage of nine genes belonging to the CEA subgroup and their location with respect to the pregnancy-specific glycoprotein (PSG) subgroup genes have been determined, and the latter are located closer to the telomere. From large groups of ordered cosmid clones, the identity of all known CEA subgroup genes has been confirmed either by hybridization using gene-specific probes or by DNA sequencing. These studies have identified a new member of the CEA subgroup (CGM8), which probably represents a pseudogene due to the existence of two stop codons, one in the leader and one in the N-terminal domain exons. The gene order and orientation, which were determined by hybridization with probes from the 5′ and 3′ regions of the genes, are as follows: cen/3′-CGM7-5′/3′-CGM2-5′/5′-CEA-3′/5′-NCA-3′/5′- CGM1-3′/3′-BGP-5′/3′-CGM9-5′/3′-CGM6-5′/5′-CGM8-3′/PSGcluster/qter.