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Beck, Tobias; Brühschwein, Andreas ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7833-8031 and Meyer‐Lindenberg, Andrea (2020): Occurrence of tympanic bone spicules and bone crests in domestic cats. In: Anatomia Histologia Embryologia, Vol. 49, No. 2: pp. 216-221 [PDF, 1MB]


Small and hyperostotic tympanic bone spicules (STBS and HTBS) extending from the tympanic wall or from the septum bullae into the tympanic cavity have been described in large feline species such as Siberian tigers or African lions and in canids such as dogs, red foxes and wolves. Detailed descriptions of prevalence, location and orientation were performed for dogs and African lions by means of necropsy and conventional computed tomography (cCT). Aims of the current study were to describe same characteristics for domestic cats by means of microcomputed tomography (µCT) and cCT. A total of 15 cats or rather 30 ears were examined. Furthermore, new bone formations extending into the tympanic cavity shaped like small lamellae were found and named “tympanic bone crests” (TBCs). The registered phenomenon of a thickened tympanic wall in some cats was named “tympanic wall thickening” (TWT). STBS appeared in 43% of the ears being bilateral in 44% of the cases, whereas HTBS appeared in one ear. TBC was present in 33% of the ears with a bilateral prevalence of 67%, and TWT could be detected in 13% of the ears. The mentioned structures are just barely or not at all detectable with cCT; therefore, µCT is necessary for an identification and detailed description. The origin and the factors inducing the development of examined phenomena are unknown, and it is hypothesized that the occurrence can be assessed as anatomical norm variations.

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