Dayanithi, G.; Ahnert-Hilger, G.; Weller, U.; Nordmann, J. J.; Gratzl, Manfred
Release of vasopressin from isolated permeabilized neurosecretory nerve terminals is blocked by the light chain of botulinum A toxin.
In: Neuroscience, Vol. 39: pp. 711-715
The intracellular action on exocytosis of botulinim A toxin and constituent chains was studied using permeabilized isolated nerve endings from the rat neural lobe. The release of the neuropeptide vasopressin was measured by radioimmunoassay. In the presence of the reducing agent dithiothreitol, the two-chain form of botulinum A toxin inhibited vasopressin release induced by 10 μM free calcium. Half maximal inhibition was obtained with 15 nM botulinum A toxin. In the absence of the heavy chain the light chain of the toxin strongly inhibited exocytosis with a half maximal effect of 2.5 nM. The inhibitory effects on secretion could be prevented by incubating the light chain with an immune serum against botulinum A toxin. The heavy chain of botulinum A toxin did not affect vasopressin release. However, it prevented the inhibitory effects of the light chain on stimulated exocytosis. It is concluded that botulinum A toxin inhibits the calcium-dependent step leading to exocytosis by interfering with a target present in the isolated and permeabilized nerve terminals. The functional domain of this neurotoxin, which is responsible for the inhibition of vasopressin release, is present in its light chain.