Saermark, T. and Thorn, N. A. and Gratzl, Manfred
Calcium/sodium exchange in purified secretory vesicles from bovine neurohypophyses.
In: Cell Calcium, Vol. 4: pp. 151-170
Purified secretory vesicles isolated from bovine neurohypophyses take up Na+ under the same circumstances where an efflux of Ca2+ takes place, suggesting a Na+/Ca2+ exchange. Potassium cannot substitute for Na+ in this process. Also, a Ca2+/Ca2+ exchange can occur. Inhibiting the latter process by Mg2+ allowed to estimate an apparent KM of 0.7 μM free Ca2+ and a maximal uptake of 1.5 nmol × mg protein−1 × min−1 Ca2+ in exchange for Na+.
The vesicles did not contain plasma membrane marker (Na+/K+ ATPase) as shown by distribution analyses on the density gradients on which they were purified. Similarly, distribution studies also showed that no other ATPase activity could be detected in the purified vesicle fraction.
It is concluded that a Na+/Ca2+ exchange is operating across the secretory vesicle membrane and that it is not directly dependent on ATP hydrolysis.